Although I am a proud member of Lincoln’s Inn, in common with many other barristers, the chambers where I practise are situated in another Inn. Barristers’ chambers have increasingly tended to specialise and my chambers, Francis Taylor Building specialises predominantly in major infrastructure, town planning, environmental law, compulsory purchase & compensation, Parliamentary, licensing, and other forms of related public law. Francis Taylor Building is situated in the Temple within Inner Temple. I am also a member of Inner Temple. Although some chambers share buildings, my chambers, headed by Andrew Tait QC takes its name from the building and occupies the whole of Francis Taylor Building having moved there from its previous location in the Temple, 2 Harcourt Buildings.
Although the Francis Taylor Building looks old it was built in 1957 to the designs of Sir Edward Maufe, replacing buildings destroyed in the Blitz. The site was formerly occupied by the Exchequer Office (1665, rebuilt in 1830) and part of Tanfield Court buildings (1881). Tanfield Court (on the west side of the range, now part of Church Court) was named after Sir Lawrence Tanfield (d. 1625), and was the scene of a notorious double murder in 1733. The name of the present building commemorates Sir Francis Kyffin Taylor, Q.C., later Lord Maenan (d. 1951), a bencher for 46 years. The inscription has the initials of Archibald William Cockburn, Treasurer 1959.
The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London. To be called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, an individual must belong to one of these Inns. It is located in the wider Temple area of the capital, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.
The Inn is a professional body that provides legal training, selection, and regulation for members. It is ruled by a governing council called “Parliament”, made up of the Masters of the Bench (or ‘Benchers’), and led by the Treasurer, who is elected to serve a one-year term. The Temple takes its name from the Knights Templar, who originally leased the land to the Temple’s inhabitants (Templars) until their abolition in 1312. The Inner Temple was a distinct society from at least 1388, although as with all the Inns of Court its precise date of founding is not known. After a disruptive early period (during which the Temple was almost entirely destroyed in the Peasants’ Revolt) it flourished, becoming the second largest Inn during the Elizabethan period (after Gray’s Inn).
The Inner Temple expanded during the reigns of James I and Charles I, with 1,700 students admitted between 1600 and 1640. The First English Civil War’s outbreak led to a complete suspension of legal education, with the Inns close to being shut down for almost four years. Following the English Restoration the Inner Templars welcomed Charles II back to London personally with a lavish banquet.
After a period of slow decline in the 18th century, the following 100 years saw a restoration of the Temple’s fortunes, with buildings constructed or restored, such as the Hall and the Library. Much of this work was destroyed during The Blitz, when the Hall, Temple, Temple Church, and many sets of chambers were devastated. Rebuilding was completed in 1959, and today the Temple is a flourishing and active Inn of Court, with over 8,000 members.